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Periodontal (gum) disease is an ongoing bacterial infection affecting the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontics is a chronic inflammatory disease which means inflammation around your teeth slowly erodes their supporting bone. When supporting tissue and bone is destroyed, periodontal pocketing occurs around the teeth. Periodontal measurements aid in determining the extent of bone loss and your access to properly clean your teeth on a daily basis. Healthy pocket depth measurements range from 1 to 3mm.
Periodontal disease can affect one or several teeth. If left untreated, this can lead to tooth loss or potential health risks associated with diabetes, heart disease, prosthetic joint replacement, and pregnancy.